ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Variety around the world and world most list  (อ่าน 75 ครั้ง)

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กุมภาพันธ์ 25, 2017, 04:10:26 PM
กุมภาพันธ์ 25, 2017, 04:10:59 PM
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5 MONSTERS FROM URBAN LEGENDS THAT ACTUALLY EXIST

5. GREEN MAN
The Green Man was long said to live and hide in an abandoned Pennsylvania railroad tunnel know as Piney Fork. He would supposedly appear if you called out to him, and witnesses swore he was glowing green from an old electrical accident. He would supposedly appear if you called out to him, and witnesses swore he was glowing green from an old electrical accident. Presented as a creepy monster who would shock his victims, few could have imagined that the Green May urban legend was true. Raymond Robinson, sometimes known as Charlie No-Face, actually suffered a near-death electrocution in real-life. The ghostly figure was left badly scarred by the accident and could only walk the streets at night due to his grotesque deformities.

4. BUNNY MAN
According to legend, the Bunny Man escaped from a shuttered Virginia insane asylum after a bus transferring him crashed and he was soon on the loose in the countryside leaving skinned and half-eaten rabbits hanging from and overpasses. The man had been convicted of murdering his family on Easter, and it is said he moved from preying on rabbits to stalking humans. While fleeing a police search, the deranged killer was allegedly hit by a train, leaving behind a ghost that haunted the area. While no Bunny Man records exist, there are instead true reports of an unidentified Axe Man who attacked cars wearing a bunny suit.

3. CROPSEY
Staten Island’s Cropsey allegedly prowled playgrounds in the dark and snatched children with his hooked hand. The boys and girls would be dragged to the ruins of the Seaview sanatorium where they would be tortured by the maniac. First told by parents to frighten bad children, the legend took a sinister turn with the discovery of a real body found left near the abusive Willowbrook school for mentally challenged children and linked to a former employee, Andre Rand. Rand had been living in the woods around the institutions and was linked to the disappearances of at least 4 local children.

2. CORPSE COLLECTOR
Appearing in stories to explain creepy homes and neighbors, the Corpse Collector is said to keep human specimens in his basement sometimes dug up from local graves, and sometimes “collected” from the freshly butchered corpses of locals gone missing. A number of real life horrors closely match the stories, including that of Harrison Graham, a real-life cookie “monster” who entertained children with a blue puppet during the day and killed and collected woman in his rundown apartment at night. Also fitting the tale is Anatoly Moskvin who stole at least 29 bodies from a cemetery to dress up as life-sized faceless human dolls.

1. DOG BOY
Long believed to only be a legend, the Dog Boy of Arkansas was actually inspired by serial animal torturer, Gerald Floyd Bettis who was obsessed with experimenting on the dogs he kidnapped and hoarded in a special extension to his home. Bored of small prey, Bettis’s fascination with violence eventually manifested itself in the imprisonment of his parents. The elderly couple was kept locked in Bettis’s attic where they were fed like dogs and subjected to terrible abuse. Subsequent owners of the home have reported witnessing the glaring ghost of Bettis in the form of an animal-human hybrid.

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กุมภาพันธ์ 25, 2017, 04:11:24 PM
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 TOP 15 HORROR MOVIES INSPIRED BY REAL PEOPLE
15. The Possession (2012)
This 2012 horror film is based on the haunted dybbuk box. In real life, the infamous dybbuk box was a wine cabinet which was allegedly haunted by an evil spirit. Legend has it that the box belonged to Havela, a Holocaust survivor who had bought it prior to immigrating to America. Kevin Mannis, who wrote a story about the incident, had bought the box from Havela’s family in an estate sale.

Learning that it was a family heirloom, he wanted to return the box, but Havela’s granddaughter said, “We don’t want it,” adding that a dybbuk haunted it. Inside the box, Mannis discovered an odd array of items: two pennies from the 1920s, a wine goblet made of gold, a candle holder with four stems shaped like octopus legs, a single dried rosebud, a tiny statue with the word “Shalom” engraved in it, and two locks of hair – one blonde, one black – each bound separately with cords.

The box has been owned by a number of individuals, and all have reported strange happenings occurring with its ownership. Many have said that a strong smell of jasmine flowers and cat urine emanate from the box, as well as nightmares that entail an old hag. Mannis, himself, reported that when people would stay with him while he owned the box, several of his visitors shared the same nightmares and, when he passed it off to his mother as a birthday gift, she suffered a stroke.

Other owners have claimed that they suffered health problems once they came into possession of the cursed box, including welts, coughing up blood, hair falling out, and hives. The last known owner bought the box off of eBay and, after speaking with Rabbis about how to seal the evil spirit inside the box, he did so and hid the dybbuk in an unmarked location.

The film follows a similar plot, where a girl called Em finds a strange wooden box, engraved with Hebrew, at a yard sale. Her father, Clyde, buys the box for her, and she starts to hear whispers coming from inside. Opening it, she discovers several odd items, including a dead moth and a ring. Once she starts wearing the ring, she begins acting strangely and violently, and odd things start to happen inside their home.
The dybbuk eventually possesses not just Em, but Clyde too. Exorcisms are performed, but once the box is gotten rid of, it is still cursed, claiming the lives of many throughout the film.

14. Eaten Alive (1980)
Based on a real-life psychopath, Eaten Alive is inspired by crazy man, Joe Ball, an American serial killer who may have fed up to twenty women to alligators in the 1930s. Ball served in the front lines in World War I before beginning his bootlegging career. Once Prohibition had ended, he continued his career in liquor by opening a saloon in Elmendorf, Texas. The Sociable Inn held a pond with six alligators.

He charged extra from his customers to view the monsters during their feeding time. He allegedly fed the alligators mainly cats and dogs. It didn’t take long for Ball to start murdering area women and adding them to alligators’meals. Barmaids, ex-girlfriends, and even his wife. When the last went missing in 1938, sheriff’s deputies came to interrogate him.

Apparently, Ball knew the jig was up and didn’t want to rot in prison, so he shot himself with a handgun he’d stashed away in the saloon’s cash register. Clifford Wheeler, Ball’s handyman, led officers to the decomposing bodies of two of the victims, Minnie Gotthard and Hazel Brown. Clifford had helped Ball try to dispose of them. Wheeler claimed that Ball had killed twenty or more women, all of whom he’d fed to the alligators. “The Alligator Man” is now a thing of Texas folklore. Makes you wonder what else lurks in them there swamps.

13. The Rite (2011)
Yet another exorcism movie, The Rite is based on the life of one of America’s most famous exorcists, Father Gary Thomas. The thriller follows experiences Thomas had when he was being trained as an exorcist. In the film, the son of a funeral home owner, Michael Kovak, hopes to earn a free college degree by entering a seminary school and renouncing his vows once he’s received his diploma. After Michael is ordained as deacon, he resigns, claiming his faith is lacking.

However, a chain of events leads Michael, still dressed in his clerical clothes, to give out the last rites to a fatally injured cyclist on the street. Upon absolving the girl of her sins, Michael returns to the church after Father Matthew convinces him to become an exorcist. He didn’t take much convincing, being that he was told that a resignation might lead to the Church turning his scholarship into a $100,000 student loan. He is then sent to the Vatican for exorcism classes with Father Xavier.

Michael soon finds himself alongside another senior exorcist, Father Lucas, in the home of a pregnant young girl named Rosaria, who was raped by her father, resulting in her being possessed by evil. The possession causes the girl to speak fluent English and cough up three nails. Eventually, Rosaria tries to drown herself and, while hospitalized, Father Lucas performs another exorcism upon her. However, that night, Rosaria dies from blood loss after a miscarriage.

It seems that the evil didn’t go far; Father Lucas begins showing signs of demonic possession. He, himself, knows that he is possessed, and asks Michael to find Father Xavier to perform an exorcism on him. Unable to contact him, Michael successfully performs the exorcism, himself. This experience returns Michael’s lost faith to him, and he stays with the priesthood. All of this, based upon the real-life experiences of Father Gary Thomas.

12. The Zodiac Killer (1971)
Most people have heard of the Zodiac Killer. This infamous serial killer committed the murders of three men and four women in San Francisco from December of 1968 to October of 1969. The 1971 film is loosely based on these events, though it names the killer, provides him a backstory, and fictionalizes the investigation.

In the film, the Zodiac Killer is a postal carrier. His friend is falsely named the Zodiac Killer after a series of events leads him to claim to be the murderer, and he is shot dead by police. This is when the real Zodiac Killer starts taunting the police and adding to his body count by killing several random people, as well as people he knows who start to mock his alter-ego or are not nice to him, personally. The film creates a motive for his crime spree through the man’s unhappy relationship with his father.

The real-life Zodiac Killer is a mystery to this day. His attacks included gunning down two high school lovers on their first date, shooting another couple near the site of the first murder (although the man survived the shooting), stabbing another couple (again, the male victim survived), and shooting a cabbie dead. Several more attacks have been attributed to the Zodiac Killer, including the kidnapping of a pregnant woman and her child (they managed to escape) and the stabbing of a young woman who was studying in the library.

As depicted in the film, the Zodiac Killer truly did taunt the police, sending letters that termed himself the ‘Zodiac,’ along with four cryptograms, only one of which has been solved.

The solved cipher reads: “I LIKE KILLING PEOPLE BECAUSE IT IS SO MUCH FUN IT IS MORE FUN THAN KILLING WILD GAME IN THE FORREST BECAUSE MAN IS THE MOST DANGEROUE ANAMAL OF ALL TO KILL SOMETHING GIVES ME THE MOST THRILLING EXPERENCE IT IS EVEN BETTER THAN GETTING YOUR ROCKS OFF WITH A GIRL THE BEST PART OF IT IS THAE WHEN I DIE I WILL BE REBORN IN PARADICE AND THEI HAVE KILLED WILL BECOME MY SLAVES I WILL NOT GIVE YOU MY NAME BECAUSE YOU WILL TRY TO SLOI DOWN OR ATOP MY COLLECTIOG OF SLAVES FOR MY AFTERLIFE EBEORIETEMETHHPITI.”

Some believed that the killer must have been involved in law enforcement at some point, because there was an utter lack of evidence each time he killed. Although suspects were named, the evidence was never conclusive for a conviction. The high-profile unsolved case was eventually closed, but as new technologies began to advance, the case was reopened in 2007. However, no new leads were drawn.

11. The Exorcism of Emily Rose (2005)
The Exorcism of Emily Rose is based on a series of real-life exorcisms performed on a young German woman, Anneliese Michel, which eventually led to her death. Anneliese had an epileptic seizure at 16 and was diagnosed with temporal lobe epilepsy. She also suffered from depression and was sent to a psychiatric hospital for treatment. This is where she started hearing voices and couldn’t stand to be around religious objects, like the crucifix.

By the age of twenty, she claimed she saw “devil faces” and began having other spiritual delusions, including hallucinating voices that would tell her to “rot in hell” and condemn her while she was praying. Soon, she became suicidal and, believing demons possessed their daughter, Michel’s parents sought help from a Catholic priest. At first, the priests refused, citing the need for a bishop’s permission to perform an exorcism.

But Michel’s condition worsened; she became more aggressive, started to eat insects, drank her own urine, and injured herself. In the end, two local priests sought permission from the bishop and, over a ten-month period, they performed exorcism rites on the young woman. Priest Arnold Renz performed the first exorcism in 1975, after which Michel’s parents ceased any and all medical treatment, relying solely on the exorcism to improve her condition. 67 sessions were performed, some lasting up to four hours.

Michel didn’t improve, saying her condition was a sacrifice, and claiming she was “dying to atone for the wayward youth of the day and the apostate priests of the modern church.” As she weakened, she refused to eat or drink and, on the 1st of July, 1976, she died from dehydration and malnutrition, weighing 68 pounds on her deathbed. Her autopsy showed that she had broken knees, resulting from her rigorous genuflections, she’d contracted pneumonia, and she’d been in a state of semi-starvation for the year the exorcism was performed.

Her exorcism became infamous. The rarely used 400-year-old rites of exorcism caught the eye of the media and the public and was strongly denounced. The Catholic Church had all but done away with exorcisms since the 18th century. The priests involved were found guilty of negligent homicide, as were Michel’s parents. They served a three-year probation sentence and paid a fine, but the case was highly charged as negligence and abuse, while also bringing religious hysteria and mental disorder to the fore.

10. The Strangers (2008)
The Strangers is a combination of real-life events and inspiration from the serial killer, Charles Manson. The director of the film, Bryan Bertino, drew from his own childhood. One night a stranger knocked at his door, asked if someone was home,  and then walked away when he was told that this person didn’t live there. But Bertino later discovered that someone had broken into a number of homes in the neighborhood that night.

The movie mirrors this. In it, at 4 in the morning, a stranger knocks at the door of a summer home where a couple is staying. The woman asks for someone who isn’t there and then leaves. James, the man in the coupling, heads out for a bit, and the woman, Kristen, hears odd sounds coming from outside. She finds a man in a sack mask watching her from the backyard, and she hides from him until her boyfriend returns.

Kristen tells James what happened, after which he finds his car has been burglarized and the woman who had knocked earlier is watching him from a distance, wearing a doll mask. Through a series of events, James and Kristen eventually find themselves captured by the masked strangers, tied to chairs in their living room. “Why are you doing this?” Kristen asks the strangers.

The woman responds, “Because you were home.” The couple is then stabbed repeatedly by the strangers, and the movie ends with two young boys discovering their bodies. Bertino, the film’s director, cites Helter Skelter, a true crime book about the Manson Family murders, as a primary source of inspiration. Manson is known to have led a sort of cult commune in California in the late ‘60s, in which he preached “Helter Skelter,” a term taken from a song by the Beatles. Manson thought it meant an apocalyptic race war was approaching, and he thought murdering people would help begin that war. In the summer of ’69, the Manson Family murdered nine people, according to Charles Manson’s instructions.

read more TOP 15 HORROR MOVIES INSPIRED BY REAL PEOPLE

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10 ROADS AROUND THE WORLD YOU WOULD NEVER WANT TO DRIVE ON
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5 MYSTERIOUS PEOPLE WHO HAVE FINALLY BEEN IDENTIFIED
5 MOST TOXIC ABANDONED GHOST TOWNS ON EARTH
10 CREEPIEST WEBSITES
15 MOST BIZARRE HOBBIES AROUND THE WORLD
22 STORIES BEHIND COUNTRY NICKNAMES AROUND THE WORLD
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TOP LIST BLOW YOUR MIND
กุมภาพันธ์ 25, 2017, 04:11:55 PM
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 10 EVIL PEOPLE WHO DID GREAT THINGS
10. SADDAM HUSSEIN FREE HEALTHCARE AND SCHOOLING

Saddam Hussein’s tenure as President of Irag was a blood stained one. More than 6,000 Iraqi citizens were publicly executed by the dictator, and many more were tortured in a variety of horrific ways, including being dropped into vats of acid or having their limbs burned off. Historians estimate that Saddam killed an average of 125 civilians for every day he was in power.

So yeah, not a nice dude. But, despite his violence towards many of them, Hussein also attempted to make the lives of Iraqis better. But, despite his violence towards many of them, Hussein also attempted to make the lives of Iraqis better. He allowed his people to visit hospital without charge, and introduced free and compulsory schooling for the nation’s children.

He allowed his people to visit hospital without charge, and introduced free and compulsory schooling for the nation’s children. Saddam also worked hard to ensure that his population was literate, launching the “National Campaign for the Eradication of IIIiteracy”. Before the campaign, only 52% of Iraqis could read and write. Today 84% can.

Sources: Independent, Alternet.

9. NAPOLEON THE NAPOLEONIC CODE

A messiah complex, obsessive and just a little crazy. No, not Cruise – Napoleon Bonaparte! The Nineteenth Century French Emperor was seemingly unstoppable on the battlefield, conquering Italy, Austria, Belgium, The Netherlands and more. His attempted invasion of Spain was marked with particular violence. On one occasion, in retaliation for the murder of two French soldiers, Napoleon rounded up a hundred random Spanish civilians and had them shot.

His empire eventually collapsed, but not until over 2 million people had died in the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon may have been ruthless on the battlefield, but he was far from a tyrant when off it. He enforced the “Napoleonic Code” across his empire, entitling his citizens to equal rights, private property and religious freedom. He also removed inherited titles and privileges from the upper class, filling positions by merit rather than birth right. Unfortunately, Napoleon only gets half-points because these new freedoms didn’t apply to women.

Sources: Encyclopedia Brittanica, History.com

8. PABLO ESCOBAR GENEROSITY

As fans of Narcos will know, Pablo Escobar was a Colombian drug lord who rose to prominence in the 1980s.  Known as the “King of Cocaine”, Escobar supplied an estimated 80% of all the cocaine in America, and maintained his near monopoly with extreme violence. Escobar’s favorite hitman, John ‘Popeye’ Velasquez, personally killed over 300 people.

He also offered up a $250,000 bounty for anyone who killed a drug enforcement agent. Needless to say, Escobar had money to burn. By 1990, he was the richest criminal in history, with a net worth of over $30 billion. That’s more than the current GDP of Estonia, Uganda or Nepal. Much of this was blown on absurd vanity projects like his fleet of yachts or his private zoo.

But Escobar didn’t just squander all his cash on personal excess. He earned a reputation as a sort of “Robin Hood”, giving huge sums of money to the poor. In one small town, Moravia, he built over 1000 homes for the locals. In slums across Colombia he funded the construction of schools and football pitches. Despite being gunned down in 1993, Escobar remains a hero to many of the poor of Colombia.

Sources: Newstalk, Fusion, Business Insider.

7. GENERAL BUTT NAKED REDEMPTION AND CHARITY

In the 1990s Joshua Blahyi made a name for himself as a deadly Liberian warlord. Specifically, the name he made for himself was: General Butt Naked, so called because he and his army of child soldiers would fight… well…butt naked, believing it made them immune from bullets. Blahyi himself estimates that his army killed no less than 20,000 people. Not only that, but as a believer in witchcraft he would frequently dabble in human sacrifice and cannibalism – eating the hearts of murdered children to gain their power.

Since 1996 Blahyi has changed dramatically, becoming a devout Christian, speaking against war, and even putting some clothes on. In 2016 he started working for the charity Journeys Against Violence and has already rehabilitated 50 child soldiers, training them in new skills like farming and construction. And in case you’re wondering: no, he doesn’t go by the name Reverend Butt Naked.

Sources: NewYorker.

6. TED BUNDY SUICIDE HOTLINE

One of the most famous serial killers of all time, Ted Bundy, confessed to 30 different murders when he was finally caught in 1975. He decapitated 12 of his victims and would return to the scenes of his crimes and sleep with his victims’ bodies until they were too decayed. However, for a while Bundy preferred saving lives to taking them. While studying Psychology at the University of Washington, he volunteered for the night shift on Seattle’s Suicide Hotline. There he used his manipulative personality for good, convincing people not to kill themselves. Apparently, Bundy was reasonably skilled at this. According to crime writer Ann Rule, who also volunteered for the hotline, Bundy definitely succeeded in saving multiple lives while working there.

Sources: Vintage News, Washington Post.

5. GENGHIS KHAN RELIGIOUS FREEDOM

Genghis Khan was the brutal tribal leader of the Mongolian Empire. He was so ruthless in his conquests that his tribe slaughtered an estimated 40 million people. At the time, that amounted to 10% of the world’s population. When Khan died, the Mongols had amassed the largest empire that had ever existed. Despite this willingness to kill tens of millions of people, Khan was surprisingly relaxed about religious freedom. Though he personally believed in the ancient Asian religion of Tengriism, he was interested in other beliefs and enjoyed discussing them with religious scholars. More importantly, he allowed his millions of subjects to practice any faith they wanted, and even gave religions bodies tax-free status. Khan’s tolerance wasn’t shared in Europe or the Middle East, where the Crusades were still ongoing.

Sources: New York Times.

4. AL CAPONE SOUP KITCHENS

Al Capone was an American gangster who achieved nation-wide infamy for illegally bootlegging booze into Chicago during the prohibition of alcohol. Yes, there was a time during which booze was illegal. Dark, dark times. Capone was cunning and never tied to any serious crime himself. However, it’s thought he ordered the deaths of as many as 32 people. Just like Escobar, Capone enjoyed a reputation for generosity. During the Great Depression, he set up one of America’s first “Soup Kitchens”, serving soup, coffee, and donuts to as many as 120,000 unemployed Chicagoans. On Thanksgiving, his kitchen served beef stew to 5,000 men, women, and children. The kitchens were almost certainly a cynical attempt by Capone to clean up his image, but it didn’t matter to the hungry and poor of Chicago, many of whom claimed he was doing more to help the needy than the US government.

Sources: RareHistoryicalPhotos.com


3. MUAMMAR GADDAFI WELFARE

Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi rose to power in a bloodless coup, but his regime didn’t remain bloodless for very long. Gaddafi spent the 42 years of his rule crushing dissent and repressing his people. During the Arab Spring, his troops killed over 1,000 of his own citizens in a last ditch attempt to cling onto power. But for any Libyans happy not to challenge Gaddafi’s reign, life could be pretty good.
Gaddafi provided the Libyan people with free healthcare, education and electricity.

He also subsidised housing and transport. Perhaps most impressively, Gaddafi helped put an end to the widespread droughts that his nation faced, building “The Great Man-Made River” Before NATO bombed it in 2011, this was the world’s largest irrigation system and supplied drinking water to 70 percent of Libya’s population. Despite these expenses, Gaddafi ran Libya without collecting any national debt although that probably has less to do with Gaddafi’s leadership and more to do with the fact that Libya sits on top of $60 billion worth of oil.

Sources: BBC, Foreign Policy Journal.

2. ADOLF HITLER ANIMAL RIGHTS

It won’t surprise you to hear that Hitler was not a great guy. He was a firm believer in eugenics and the racial superiority of the German people, ordering the murder of six million Jews in concentration camps across Europe. What may surprise you, though, is that Hitler was an ardent defender of animal rights.

As soon as the Nazis rose to power, they started enforcing laws to improve the lives of animals. Hitler added the humane treatment of animals to the national school curriculum, established numerous nature reserves, required that all slaughterhouses used anesthetic, and made mistreating pets a crime with a minimum sentence of two years in jail. Germany was also the first nation to ban vivisection, which involves operating on live animals. That’s great, although it doesn’t really make up for the whole World War 2 thing.

Sources: Psychology Today.

1. CALIGULA HELPED THE PEOPLE

You had to be pretty violent for the Ancient Romans to think you went too far. These were the people whose idea of entertainment was having wild animals eat criminals in giant arenas after all. Yet, Caligula stood out – even for a Roman. According to Suetonius, the third Emperor of Rome routinely killed people just for his own amusement.

He once ran out of criminals to have killed in the arena and so ordered an entire section of the crowd to be eaten instead. But it didn’t start out that way. During his first six months, his reign was incredibly popular. He offered tax breaks to his poorest citizens. He provided huge public shows for the public at his own expense. He allowed many unjustly exiled citizens to return, and let people write historical documents, something that had been banned under Tiberius. After falling seriously ill in 37AD, though, Caligula’s attitude changed, and he became the despot people still know about today.

If you found this video interesting then why don’t you check out 10 Disturbing Wartime Urban Legends. There is a link on screen right now. As always, thanks for watching and we’ll see you next time. The legend of the German corpse factories was arguably one of the most infamous anti-German propaganda stories circulated in World War I by the British. In 1917, the British press published stories of German factories called ‘Kadaververwertungsanstalt.’ Here bodies of soldiers were allegedly rendered down for fat-a scarcity in Germany due to the British naval blockade-and then used to manufacture candles and wax for leather boots. After the in 1925, Conservative MP John Charteris revealed that, as head of the British propaganda department… …he had fabricated the story and dispatched it to China with the principal aim of getting the Chinese to join the war against Germany.

Sources: Suetonius, BBC, Biography.com

TOP 15 HORROR MOVIES INSPIRED BY REAL PEOPLE
10 EVIL PEOPLE WHO DID GREAT THINGS
10 CREEPY VIDEO GAME URBAN LEGENDS
10 BANNED FOODS
5 MOST MYSTERIOUS UNEXPLAINED TIME TRAVELERS
5 MOST MYSTERIOUS SOUNDS EVER RECORDED
10 VERY BIZARRE TRENDS FROM AROUND THE WORLD
5 MONSTERS FROM URBAN LEGENDS THAT ACTUALLY EXIST
5 DEADLY UFO ATTACKS ON EARTH
กุมภาพันธ์ 25, 2017, 04:12:26 PM
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 5 MOST TOXIC ABANDONED GHOST TOWNS ON EARTH
1. Runit
During the Cold War, US nuclear tests on the Pacific atoll of Enewetak totaled more than 30 megatons of destructive power......and included Ivy Mike, the first hydrogen bomb test that vaporized the island around it and sent fallout 35 miles (56 km) away.

So powerful was the explosion, that two new elements, einsteinium and fermium, were created at the detonation site......and scientists detected the shockwave in California, where they relayed a coded message to project staff: “It’s a boy.” Despite being still being home to native islanders, radioactive decontamination did not begin until 2 decades later......when in 1977, construction of the massive “Runit” Dome began in the crater remains of the atoll’s Runit Island.

Over 111,000 cubic yards (85,000 m3) of soil were scraped off the top of the atoll and dumped in the Cactus blast crater......to be capped with a 350 foot (105 m) wide, 18 inch (45 cm) thick concreate shell designed to contain the fallout. Runit Island was then abandoned, but cracks and leaks in the dome are threatening a nuclear catastrophe for the entire Pacific. Isotopes from the “nuclear trashcan” have been detected in China, and it is feared that a storm could soon break open the dome...

2. Kantubek
Also devastated during the Cold War was the Soviet town of Kantubek, former population 1,500, located on Vozrozhdeniya......an “island” in middle of the Aral Sea that has now rejoined with the mainland as the inland sea continues to dry up. Its previous status as an isolated body of land far away from Soviet borders made it an ideal location for weapons testing......and Kantubek became one of the main laboratories for the Soviet Union’s secret Microbiological Warfare Group.

Code-named Aralsk-7, the site handled biological agents such as anthrax, smallpox, plague, brucellosis, and tularemia......all while Kantubek’s infrastructure grew to include schools, a stadium, and a four-runway airfield that are now abandoned. The island’s dangers remained a closely guarded secret, even after an accidental release of weaponized smallpox in 1971.

Despite killing 3 residents, concerns about the facility’s safety were only shared by defectors after the Soviet Union fell. In 1991, Aralsk-7 was completely evacuated, leaving a ghost town of abandoned biological weapons of mass destruction. The site remained the largest anthrax dump in the world until a 2002 cleanup destroyed 200 tons of the weaponized pathogen...

3. Centralia
In 1962, the town of Centralia, Pennsylvania may have doomed itself in an ill-advised attempt to clean up an illegal dump......when, while trying to burn garbage in an old strip-mining pit, it accidentally set an underground coal seam ablaze. Efforts to put out the fire failed, but the problem remained mostly hidden until a gas station made a shocking discovery in 1979......finding that the gasoline in its underground storage tanks was being heated to a temperature of 172 °F (77.8 °C).

By that time, the underground fire had spread through coal mines running beneath Centralia at depths up to 300 feet (100 m)......burning at over 1,000 °F (540 °C) and emitting lethal carbon monoxide and toxic gases through cracks in the ground. Over the next several years, sink holes began appearing and swallowing residents who barely escaped with their lives.

More than 1,000 people had to be evacuated or forcefully removed by eminent domain as the town was condemned in 1992. Most of the abandoned buildings have been slowly demolished, but a small population of less than 10 have still refused to leave. It is estimated that the poisonous fire raging underneath Centralia could burn for another 250 years...

4. Picher
Described as the most toxic place in America, the town of Picher, Oklahoma was completely dissolved in 2013. It now sits crumbling and surrounded by mountains of toxic heavy metal waste generated by years of lead and zinc mining. After mining operations ended, Picher was left with over 14,000 abandoned mine shafts and 70 million tons of mine debris......and even though the town was designated a Superfund site in 1980, residents stayed and suffered health problems for years.

It was not until 2006 that residents would begin evacuating after a study revealed the entire town was about to collapse. Mines running underneath Picher had been slowly eroding, and only a mere few feet of earth held the town up over a gaping abyss. A giant sinkhole claimed the life of one motorist before the government ordered the entire area surrendered for cleanup.

Many residents refused to leave, however, until a massive tornado destroyed much of what was left of the town in 2008. Faced with their a local apocalypse and air, water, and soil too toxic for the city to be habitable, Picher was finally abandoned. Despite the danger, the ghost town’s last remaining holdout held on until he died alone of a sudden illness in 2015...

5. Fugushima
In 2011, a magnitude 9 earthquake struck off the coast of Japan and triggered a tsunami that reached heights up to 133 feet (40 m). Caught in the path of destruction was the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, which lost the ability to cool its fission reactors. Three subsequent core meltdowns and explosions within the units threatened to trigger an unprecedented radiological disaster......and the chaotic situation led foreign governments order the evacuation of non-critical staff from the entire country.

At the Fukushima complex, a 12 mile (20 km) exclusion zone was established, forcing 154,000 residents to flee their homes. Much of the surrounding area was abandoned to the nuclear threat, creating one of the most modern ghost towns in the world. While safety officials insist the risks of major radiation leaks are minimal, reports suggest the meltdowns remain out of control......and in 2017, a robot sent to inspect the cores fried after measuring radiation levels high enough to kill a human in seconds.

Residents are still barred from the closely guarded area amid reports of radioactive water leaks through cracks in the reactors. Attempts to cryogenically freeze the soil into a “wall” of ice failed, and radiation continues to flow into the Pacific Ocean...

12 MOST EXPENSIVE FRUITS IN THE WORLD
30 WEIRD AND WONDERFUL NATURAL PHENOMENA
10 ROADS AROUND THE WORLD YOU WOULD NEVER WANT TO DRIVE ON
6 STRANGEST KOREAN FOODS
10 CREEPY URBAN LEGENDS FROM AROUND THE WORLD
5 MYSTERIOUS PEOPLE WHO HAVE FINALLY BEEN IDENTIFIED
กุมภาพันธ์ 25, 2017, 04:15:18 PM
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67 POISONOUS PLANTS

Neil Ross profiles Mother Nature’s more odious offerings and advises on the plants to avoid around curious children and pilfering pets

Ever considered bumping off a wealthy relative to claim the inheritance? Perhaps a work colleague is standing between you and that promotion you so deserve? Feeling all Agatha Christie all of a sudden? Well don’t head down the garden path if you are looking for something sinister to slip into their morning cuppa. Poisons in the garden are few and far between and those that exist are rarely potent enough to cause much more than a tummy ache and a night spent on the loo.

But seriously, it is worth being aware of the plant hazards that do lurk in the garden – especially if we have tearaway toddlers or beloved pets or if we are especially susceptible to allergies. My first brush with plant poisons came whilst cutting back a bank of spurge as a young trainee gardener. I’d already got used to the black discolouration on my skin caused by this plant’s milky sap and had heard of the severe welts it can cause in some people if they are exposed to the juice on a sunny day but I felt pretty invincible, like you do in your 20s – until I inadvertently rubbed my eye with a dirty finger. The irritation was so bad and so painful that I had to spend several hours in A&E having my eye irrigated with sterile water and wondering if I would go blind. No lasting harm was done but I learnt my lesson and now I deadhead my spurges with goggles and gloves firmly in place.

Many garden plants are poisonous to some extent, whether the nasties lurk in the roots, seeds, flowers, leaves or the whole lot. But the risk to us is usually minimal and most reported accidents occur when people mistake a poison plant for a similar edible one, such as the unfortunate forager who mistook the swollen roots of the potentially fatal monkshood (aconitum) for shrivelled-up turnips! Most poisons taste so bad, moreover, that you would be unlikely to ingest enough to do any lasting harm. For example, the orange berries of Italian arum (Arum italicum) are so bitter and produce such a hot tingle on the tongue that, even if you were tempted to try them, you would never willingly eat more than a morsel. It’s not just the amount of a plant that is eaten that alters the risk either; your age, size and state of health beforehand will all affect the degree of discomfort you might suffer.

While some plants only have adverse effects when swallowed, others produce strong allergic reactions when touched such as the highly allergenic wax tree, which still lurks in some older gardens but is now banned from sale. With others it is the sap within that could either burn our skin or cause an allergic reaction in the unfortunate few. Such accidents most often occur (like mine) when we are clearing beds, cutting down and pruning without adequate protection like long sleeves, gloves and goggles.

So should we only plant “safe” plants? The world would be a very dull place without rhododendrons and roses, clematis and hellebores and the fruit and vegetable garden would look a bit bare without potatoes, tomatoes, asparagus, rhubarb and apricots. The answer is to know the few risks out there and treat nature with respect.


What to do if you suspect a poisoning
If you suspect yourself or a child has eaten part of a dubious plant then get medical advice at once by phoning the poisons line on 0800 POISON (0800 764 766) or go to your local emergency department. Pets should be taken to the vet. Remember to take along a piece of the plant if you are not sure what it is and get someone else to drive in case symptoms worsen. Don’t encourage the patient to vomit up the poison or drink anything and don’t panic! Remember, few poisonings result in lasting damage.

Plants poisonous to eat

Angel’s trumpet (Brugmansia candida)



Potent hallucinogenic alkaloids are concentrated in the leaves and fruit of this shrub and ingesting just small quantities can prove fatal.

Azalea & rhodododendron



The flowers and leaves contain potent glycosides and andromedotoxin, which causes burning to the mouth.

poisonous plant

18 WHAT TO KNOW AROUND THE WORLD
10 MYSTERIOUS PHOTOS AROUND THE WORLD
10 CURSED OBJECTS AROUND THE WORLD
10 DISCOVERIES WILL SHAPE FUTURE
10 STRONG ANIMALS AROUND THE WORLD
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10 FAMOUS PEOPLE WHO DON'T AGE
10 CELEB CAUGHT WITH FAKE BEHINDS

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มีนาคม 12, 2017, 12:32:03 AM
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 MINECRAFT DEVICE CONTROLS
Find out how to control your character in the different versions of Minecraft

PC controls



The controls in Minecraft are simple, and they can be reconfigured if needed. The mouse is used to turn your player and move the camera in third-person mode. The mouse wheel scrolls through your inventory hot bar. Left-clicking is the default attack or dig button, while right-clicking uses the item currently in your hand. Clicking the mouse wheel will switch to the block being looked at in your inventory if it is available.

W, A, S and D keys move you forward, backward, left and right respectively. The space bar is used to jump, and can be double-tapped in Creative mode to fly. Left Shift puts you in sneak mode, and while held you won’t fall off ledges. E brings up the inventory, Q drops the item you are currently holding and T brings up the chat window. The / key brings up the command window, while Tab shows a list of players if you are in a multiplayer game. F1 toggles the Heads-Up Display on and off, while F2 will take a screenshot of your current view. F3 brings up a list of debug information including your current location and F5 toggles between first-person and third-person views.

Xbox 360 controls



The controls on Xbox 360 offer a similar level of functionality as on the PC. The right analogue stick is used to look around, and clicking it in will toggle your view between first- and third-person. The left analogue stick is used to move around, and will put you in sneak mode when clicking in. The A button is used to jump, while the Y button brings up the inventory. The X button opens your crafting menu, while the B button drops an item from the hot bar. To mine in this version you can hold the right trigger, while pressing it once can also be used to attack. Left trigger places blocks but also fires your bow, blocks with your sword and uses special blocks. The right bumper cycles right in the quick-bar, while the left bumper cycles to the left.

When crafting, the controls change to make it a bit easier on a console. The analogue sticks and the D-pad move the pointer, while the A button creates the item you have selected. The Y button quickly moves items, while the X button splits half of the selected stack of items. The right and left bumpers move you to different groups of items, while the B button exits the crafting table menu.

Read More

18 WHAT TO KNOW AROUND THE WORLD
10 MYSTERIOUS PHOTOS AROUND THE WORLD
10 CURSED OBJECTS AROUND THE WORLD
10 DISCOVERIES WILL SHAPE FUTURE
10 STRONG ANIMALS AROUND THE WORLD
20 CELEBS WHO DON'T LIKE TAYLOR SWIFT
10 FAMOUS PEOPLE WHO DON'T AGE
10 CELEB CAUGHT WITH FAKE BEHINDS

AROUND THE WORLD TOP LIST


มีนาคม 18, 2017, 11:34:20 PM
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Pinterest’s ‘real-world’ search engine

Pinterest just unveiled a new kind of search result, said Casey Newton in TheVerge.com. With a tool called Lens, Pinterest users can snap a photo of an object in the real world and then have Pinterest suggest items related to it. Take a picture of a pomegranate, for instance, and Pinterest will show results for pomegranate bread, and tips for peeling pomegranates. Snap a photo of a sweater, and Pinterest might
show you pictures of the same sweater styled in different ways. Pinterest is also making it easier to buy the stuff you see on the site. Its new Shop the Look feature “identifies items in pins that can be bought,” giving a link to make the purchase. Right now, you can find brands including CB2, Target, and Neiman Marcus.

18 WHAT TO KNOW AROUND THE WORLD
10 MYSTERIOUS PHOTOS AROUND THE WORLD
10 CURSED OBJECTS AROUND THE WORLD
10 DISCOVERIES WILL SHAPE FUTURE
10 STRONG ANIMALS AROUND THE WORLD
20 CELEBS WHO DON'T LIKE TAYLOR SWIFT
10 FAMOUS PEOPLE WHO DON'T AGE
10 CELEB CAUGHT WITH FAKE BEHINDS

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มีนาคม 18, 2017, 11:38:10 PM
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How to save on kid essentials


Baby formula: It’s pricey stuff, so sign up
for monthly coupons on the manufacturer’s
website. Also see what your pediatrician can
do. If your baby needs a specialty formula,
getting a prescription shifts the cost to your
insurer, and doctors also sometimes have
free samples provided by the manufacturers.

Diapers: Through Amazon.com’s Subscribe
and Save service, you can get 15 percent off
all items you have delivered once a month.
Also, big-box stores regularly have sales to
promote diaper brands, offering, say, a $25
gift card when you spend $100.

Clothing: Buy a year ahead, during endof-
season sales, to enjoy huge discounts
on staples like shorts and jeans. Never buy
without a coupon, since you can sign up for
store coupons or find one at RetailMeNot
.com. Finally, use secondhand retailers like
Kidizen.com and ThredUp.com: They’ll even
buy clothes your family no longer needs.
Source: LearnVest.com

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มีนาคม 21, 2017, 11:13:17 PM
ตอบกลับ #9
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TOP 10 EXTREME ANIMAL SURVIVORS
From scorching deserts to frozen ice caps, dizzying mountains and deep sea trenches, these animals have found ways to survive in the deadliest environments on Earth
source Matt Ayres

1. Camel
Where water is rare, camels thrive Ask people what camels store in their humps, and many will tell you that it’s water. But contrary to the common myth, the protrusions on camels’ backs have nothing to do with keeping these gangly mammals hydrated. Camel humps are simply stores of fat, which they use to fuel
their bodies when food is scarce. As for getting enough water, camels call upon a wealth of impressive adaptations to keep their bodies from drying out in the arid desert. Unlike humans, camels barely sweat at all – their thick coats help to insulate their bodies in the scorching sun, so they can withstand temperatures up to 49 degrees Celsius (120 degrees Fahrenheit) without losing excessive water through their sweat glands. And while other mammals expel moisture in their breath, the camel’s nostrils have evolved to trap water vapour and reabsorb it into the body. When they do get a chance to drink, camels really go for it – an average-sized, 600-kilogram (1,300 pound) camel can consume 200 litres in around three minutes. Other mammals might rupture their blood cells by drinking so much, but the camel’s unusual oval-shaped blood cells mean they’re capable of withstanding extreme variations in water content.

2. Rat
Never underestimate the common rat Whether you love or loathe rats, there’s no denying their phenomenal survival skills. These rodents are made of tough stuff: they’ve been known to survive getting flushed down the toilet and falling from heights equivalent to fi ve stories. Rats can also survive the nuclear fallout from atomic bombs, as witnessed in roof rats on the nuclear testing ground of Enewetak Atoll. The rat’s anatomy seems designed to inhabit almost any environment – it is able to swim in open ocean, climb vertical walls, leap several times its body length, and bite through thick concrete or metal to find a safe place to live.

It’s therefore no surprise that humans find it difficult to keep rats out of their homes. The cunning critters might scale your walls and sneak through cracks in the roof, gnaw through narrow holes in your brickwork or arrive in your toilet bowl by swimming through sewage pipes. But before you begin your anti-rat crusade, consider that these rodents are also some of the most intelligent and affectionate animals around. Pet rats love to play with their owners – like dogs, they can learn their names and be taught tricks.
African giant pouched rats have even been trained to sniff out human hazards, from
land mines to tuberculosis

3. Gannet
Seabirds that survive terrifying dive bombs While the term ‘gannet’ often refers to someone who scoffs
an excessive amount of food in a short amount of time, these mighty sea birds are more than mere gluttons. As the UK’s largest sea bird, it’s true that gannets are capable of eating large quantities of fish. However, it’s the method they use to catch their prey that means they should be considered among nature’s most extreme survivors.

Gannets hunt by turning their bodies into sleek, seafaring missiles – once they reach an altitude of 30 metres (98 feet), the birds angle their bodies downward and dart towards the water at terrific speed, reaching 97 kilometres (60 miles) per hour before they hit the surface. While most birds would be injured by the impact of such a daring dive, gannets’ faces and chests are equipped with air sacs that cushion their entry. The extra momentum allows them to pursue their prey into deeper water than most birds.

4. Guanaco
Llama-like masters of mountaineering Along with llamas and alpacas, guanacos are related to camels. They can therefore survive for long periods without water. In fact, guanacos living in the Atacama Desert, Chile, rarely drink at all, getting all the moisture they need by consuming water absorbent plants such as cacti
and lichens. But it’s not just a lack of water that guanacos have to worry about. These mammals are
frequently found in the steep, mountainous regions of South America, at breathtaking altitudes reaching up to 4,000 metres (13,100 feet) above sea level. In order to traverse these treacherous cliffs and sheer slopes, guanacos have broad, two-toed feet, which provide them with excellent balance.

Oxygen levels are dangerously low in this lofty environment, so the guanaco has adapted to make the most of the available air particles. Its blood is rich in red blood cells, containing four-times the number found in human blood. A single teaspoon of guanaco blood contains approximately 68 billion red blood cells, each
packed with haemoglobin that helps to carry oxygen around the animal’s body. Life in the mountains can be bitterly cold, so the guanaco’s shaggy coat is another essential tool, preventing rain from chilling their skin.

5. Cockroach
Nuclear apocalypse? No problem for cockroaches Tough, adaptable and super resilient, cockroaches are among the most impressive survivors of the insect world. Tests have shown that these much-maligned bugs are capable of surviving powerful radioactive rays, meaning that in the event of a worldwide nuclear war, cockroaches could potentially outlive humans.

Another reason for the cockroach’s hardy reputation is the species’ ability to quickly adjust its instincts in response to environmental factors. For example, some populations of cockroaches have learned to avoid sugary bait, which is commonly mixed with poison to exterminate roach nests.

An aversion to sweet tastes has since passed through cockroach generations, eff ectively leading the insects to evolve in a matter of years and thus increasing their chances of survival. Perhaps most amazingly of all, cockroaches can live for weeks without a head. Cockroaches can continue scuttling
around long a  er being decapitated, breathing through spiracles in their bodies. However, without a head they are unable to eat, so they eventually die of starvation.

6. Dung beetle
These industrious insects dine on dung
Being a true survivor means taking advantage of whatever food is available. Insects are particularly unfussy when it comes to what they eat – one species has become famous for indulging in the most rancid meal imaginable.

Dung beetles are coprophagous animals, meaning that they feast on faeces. In fact, they gorge on the stuff, doing everything they can to get their segmented legs on a fresh portion. Some roll the dung into balls and push them back to their burrows; others bury it where they can find it later for a more immediate meal, or simply live in piles of manure to avoid the strenuous task of hauling it around with them.

Dung rolling is hard – some scarab species are capable of pushing balls over 1,000-times their weight. This makes them the strongest animal on Earth in comparison to body weight. Imagine tugging six double-decker buses on your own, and you’ll get an idea of their strength.

7. Polar bear
Arctic survivors that embrace the cold
The Arctic is one of Earth’s most famously hostile environments, so it’s fitting that its most famous inhabitant is an animal built for survival. Polar bears are the biggest bears in the world, and the only ones capable of surviving in the Arctic’s icy climes. Temperatures here can drop to -50 degrees Celsius
(-58 degrees Fahrenheit) in winter.

To cope with such frosty weather, the polar bear is equipped with two layers of fur: a thick thermal undercoat of dense hair, and an outer coat of longer guard hairs to prevent ice and water from reaching their skin. Beneath their coats, polar bears have a thick layer of body fat, which serves as extra
insulation and an energy reserve for long periods without food. This means polar bears are very good at fasting – they can survive for an incredible ten months without food.

Despite their survival skills, climate change remains a constant threat; polar bears are classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

8. Emperor penguin
These blubbery birds team up to tackle life in Antarctica Emperor penguins rule the vast wilderness of Antarctica. Like other birds, penguins have densely packed feathers to keep them warm. However, the best defence emperor penguins have against the cold is a thick layer of fat under their skin.

This is particularly useful when braving the icy water. While other sea birds can only remain submerged for short periods, emperor penguins can stay in the bitterly cold Antarctic water for 20 minutes. They can also dive deeper than any other bird, reaching depths of 565 metres (1,850 feet).

There’s safety in numbers, as well as warmth. With little shelter from the elements, these penguins huddle together in their thousands to conserve heat. This technique is vital in the middle of winter, as the males
are left to incubate their eggs through snowstorms and subzero temperatures. Without huddling, a single emperor penguin would burn through twice the amount of body fat to stay warm.

9. Wood frog
Unassuming amphibians who freeze themselves to survive winter Frogs aren’t obvious winter animals, but one North American variety has overcome its aversion to cold weather by adopting a rather extreme survival strategy: freezing itself alive.

The wood frog, which can be found in cold northern states such as Alaska, is a famously freeze-tolerant creature capable of surviving for weeks on end with 65 per cent of its body frozen solid. During this time, the frog’s body grinds to a halt, with basic functions such as breathing and circulation entering a state
of limbo. When the weather warms up, the wood frog thaws out and continues life as normal, suffering no ill effects.

The trick is made possible thanks to cryoprotectants: chemicals in the frog’s body that prevent cell tissues from shrinking and drying out when exposed to extreme temperatures. Scientists studying wood frogs believe that similar chemicals could be used to freeze human organs for transplantation.

10. Tardigrade
Meet the most resilient animal on Earth They may not look particularly exciting, but tardigrades (also known as water bears or moss piglets) have the distinct honour of being Earth’s most extreme survivors. These microscopic creatures are 0.5 millimetres (0.02 inches) long when fully grown, and can be found in a diverse range of habitats, from the tops of mountains to the deepest depths of the ocean.

With the ability to survive boiling hot and freezing cold temperatures, withstand pressures 6,000-times stronger than the planet’s atmosphere, and survive devastating doses of radiation, the tardigrade is one seriously tough cookie. The tiny critters can even survive in the lifeless vacuum of space – something no other animal has been able to do.

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มีนาคม 21, 2017, 11:13:40 PM
ตอบกลับ #10
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10 New discover around the world
1. Speedy gene editing is being used in humans for the first time
CRISPR is a ground-breaking form of gene editing, and there are hopes that it could be used to help fight cancer. The procedure is being trialled in both China and the US, and aims to alter immune cells so that they are able to recognise cancer. A method is also being devised to shut off the CRISPR system once it’s done its job so it shouldn’t make any extra, unwanted genetic alterations.

2. The Earth’s core has its own jet stream
Satellites from the European Space Agency (ESA) have discovered a ‘jet stream’ deep inside the Earth. Lying 3,000 kilometres below the surface of Alaska and Siberia, the stream carries liquid metal half way around the planet at a speed of 40 kilometres a year. The 420-kilometre wide stream was found by three Swarm satellites during an ESA study on the Earth’s magnetic field.

3. Salamanders go the extra mile to find a mate
Small-mouthed salamanders travel almost nine kilometres on average in order to reproduce, risking death and dehydration. Scientists tested the amphibian’s endurance on small treadmills and found that smallmouthed salamanders were able to last four-times longer than those of a closely related group, which use cloning to reproduce. Some managed to walk on the treadmill for two hours, an impressive show of stamina similar to a human jogging 120 kilometres.

4. Next-gen air-con could beam heat into space
Radioactive cooling is an extremely efficient version of air conditioning. By using a thermal emitter, physicists radiated heat out from Earth and into space. The emitter was placed in a vacuum chamber and directed at a clear sky. After 30 minutes, the emitter temperature fell by 40 degrees Celsius. This method could be used in the future to help chill medicines

5. Monkeys would be able to talk if their brain structure was different
Research has found that macaques have vocal tracts capable of speech. X-rays of a macaque eating and yawning showed they have the anatomy to make vowel sounds but lack the brainpower to do so.

6. Moon colonists could live in lava tubes
Below the Moon’s surface lie huge caverns formed by dried up molten rock from ancient volcanoes. Up to five kilometres in diameter, these subterranean cavities could be used to house future colonies. The tubes were spotted after small variations in the Moon’s gravitational pull were noticed, and if colonised, could protect potential settlers from radiation, harsh temperatures and meteor strikes.

7. The brain actively filters out background noise
Known as the ‘cocktail party effect’, the brain uses selective hearing to concentrate on one conversation.
Auditory tests using electrodes measured the difference in brain activity when exposed to incomprehensible speech followed by clear conversation.

8. Ants are intelligent enough to use tools
Hungarian scientists supplied ants with honey and water and a range of tools in which to carry them back to their nest. After experimenting with each tool, the ants learned to use sponges and paper to best soak up the liquid and transport it home.

9. Time spent outside is good for your eyes
Recent reports suggest rising rates of nearsightedness in children are down to too much time being spent indoors. By concentrating on brightly lit close-up objects like ebooks and smartphones, children’s eyes don’t have the opportunity to focus on distant objects, possibly making the onset of myopia more rapid. Experts believe this can be effectively combated by spending more time outdoors.

10. Killifish have adapted to survive toxic pollution levels
A species of fish has managed to withstand water contaminated with industrial waste. Atlantic killifish cells mutated until the correct genetic combination effectively protected cells from the toxins. The fish subsequently became up to 8,000 times more resistant to the harmful substances. The killifish’s ability to quickly change its genes was the key to so many being able to survive.

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มีนาคม 21, 2017, 11:14:16 PM
ตอบกลับ #11
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10 New discover around the world
1. Big-brained mammals are more likely to go extinct
For millions of years, mammals with large brains have had the upper hand when it comes to surviving extinction, but a new study has found the opposite is now true. By examining the relationship between brain size and endangerment status in 160 species, researchers found that mammals with larger brains relative to their body mass were more likely to be at risk.

2. History could last forever in 5D glass
Scientists at the University of Southampton have developed a new way to store digital data that will preserve it for billions of years, even at high temperatures. Using an ultrafast laser, they etched tiny nanostructures inside discs of glass, encoding information in five dimensions – their position in 3D space as
well as their size and orientation – altering the way light reflects off them. The change in reflected light can then be analysed to determine the information they hold.

3. A flower has grown in space
After successfully growing lettuce onboard the International Space Station last year, Commander Scott Kelly and his crew have shown off the first flower to be grown in space. The zinnia plant was grown using the station’s Veggie system, specifically designed for growing crops in microgravity.

4. We have said farewell to Philae lander
The little spacecraft that successfully landed on Comet 67P in November 2014 has now gone into eternal hibernation. The lander has remained silent since July 2015, and is now facing conditions from which it
is unlikely to recover, so ground control has given up sending commands.

5. Bananas are helping to diagnose skin cancer
The black spots that appear on bananas as they age are caused by the enzyme tyrosinase, which also causes the tell-tale spots of the skin cancer melanoma. This information has helped researchers in
Switzerland develop a new imaging technique for measuring tyrosinase levels, which they were able to test on the fruit before trying it on humans.

6. Horses can read human emotions
By showing horses photographs of positive and negative human facial expressions, researchers at the
University of Sussex have proved these animals can distinguish between happy and angry emotions. When shown an angry face, the horses looked more with their left eye – a behaviour associated with processing threatening stimuli – and experienced a rapid increase in heart rate, associated with stress.

7. Climate change will make transatlantic flights longer
You’ll get through more movies than usual on future flights from Europe to North America, as climate change slows down some journeys across the Atlantic. Scientists at the University of Reading have calculated that the jet stream – high-altitude winds blowing from west to east across the ocean – is speeding up, creating stronger headwinds for westbound flights. The good news though, is that eastbound flights will speed up, as stronger tailwinds help push aircraft towards Europe.

8. Spiderman’s feet are not big enough
Ever wondered why you can’t scale walls like your favourite superhero? Researchers at the University of
Cambridge have revealed that in order to climb a smooth vertical surface, humans would need impossibly big feet as they would require adhesive pads covering 40 per cent of their body, or roughly 80 per cent of their front. They concluded that the maximum size an animal could be in order to climb walls is that of a gecko.

9. Hair follicles gradually turn into skin
As we age, our hair follicles slowly stop growing new hair, and now scientists in Tokyo know why. Age-related damage to our DNA triggers the destruction of the protein Collagen 17A1, causing stem cells inside the hair follicles to transform into skin, shrinking the follicles until they disappear.

10. Brain folds are the result of crumpling
In the womb, our brains are initially smooth structures, only developing folds when the foetus is about 20 weeks old. To work out how these folds form, scientists created a gel model of a foetal brain, and immersed it in a solution to make it expand. This revealed that as the outer part of the brain grows faster than the rest, it crumples to form folds.

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มีนาคม 25, 2017, 01:53:36 AM
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What is the maximum number of names a person can remember?
There’s no known limit! If you ask a mnemonist or memory savant to learn a list of names they may remember thousands, tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands with no trouble, just as they can learn lists of thousands of digits. Some people, who have a neurological condition called ‘hyperthymesia’, remember everything that happens to them every day, including the name of every person they have ever met.

The rest of us evolved to cope with no more than about 150 social relationships. This is known as Dunbar’s
number after the anthropologist Robin Dunbar. He discovered that groups of hunter-gatherers, units in armies, divisions in businesses and many other groups tend towards a limit of 150. And it seems that social media do not change our basic nature. Even people who have thousands of ‘friends’ on Facebook rarely maintain more than 150 meaningful relationships.

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มีนาคม 25, 2017, 02:01:21 AM
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5 SURPRISING FACTS ABOUT THE OPIUM WARS
01 The British needed to sell opium
In the late-18th century, the privately owned British East India Company bought tea from China – more than 4,000 tons a year by 1800. To offset the cost, it needed a product to sell. In 1773, the company
took control of the trade in opium, which was a much in-demand drug in China.

02 Opium was the spearhead of empire
The Chinese government tried to suppress the trade, but it went underground and generated vast profits.
In China, a cash shortage caused economic chaos. To seize control, the British sent a commissioner, Lord Napier, to the main port of Guangzhou, but he died of dysentery.

03 Hong Kong was seized by the British
China, jubilant after the death of Lord Napier, saw a chance to stem the flow of opium. The new British superintendent, Captain Charles Elliot, handed over 20,000 chests of opium and retreated to an undeveloped island named Hong Kong, where he set up a new base and summoned help.

04 The British dominated trade with China
In 1841, a fleet from India sank 71 junks. The fleet included an armoured paddle-steamer, which overawed the Chinese by defying wind and tide. The emperor capitulated. Under the Treaty of Nanjing, signed in 1842, the British received $21 million, Hong Kong, and extensive trading rights.

05 Foreign powers drove China to collapse
Opium remained illegal, but smuggling continued. The British government took over from the company, while other Western powers forced traders on a collapsing China. In 1856-60, further force – the Second Opium War – wrung more concessions from an everweaker China.

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